Writing@CSU Guide

Citation Guide: Council of Science Editors (Citation/Sequence System)

The Council of Science Editors scientific style of documentation is used in the biological sciences and many other fields of scientific study as well. Like the Chicago Manual of Style, it offers three approaches for documenting sources: 1) a citation/sequence system, 2) a name/year system, and 3) a citation/name system. This guide explains the Citation/Sequence system.

Inserted at the point of reference, superscripted numbers interact with sequentially numbered entries on a References list located at the end of the book or document.

This guide is based on Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (7th ed.), a publication of the Council of Science Editors. The standards of documentation they present follow those found in National Library of Medicine Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citation (NLM 1991).

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