Guide Focus

What are Learning Disabilities?

Role of Formal Assessment

LD Students in Your Composition Classroom

LD Students in a Writing Center Tutorial

Teacher Resources

An Introduction to Resources for Disabled Students

Annotated Bibliography

Relevant Web Sites

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Authors & Contributors

Appendix 5: Specific Symptoms of LDs

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It might be useful, particularly for Writing Center consultants, to see the reference sheet the placement exam graders use to determine LDs in the CO150 placement exam essays.

A. Reverse letters

1. a. b for d, p for q

b. "dig" for "big"

2. Reverse adjunct letters

a. "form" for "from"

b. "clam" for "calm"

B. Confusion of similar sounding consonants

1. /d/ for /t/, /p/ for /d/, /f/ for /th/, /m/ for /n/, /f/ for /v/

a. "attentance" for "attendance"

b. "imposder" for "impostor"

c. "tranver" for "transfer"

d. "assenble" for "assemble"

C. Confusion of similar words

1. "hot" for "what"

2. "where" for "there"

3. "who" for "how"

D. Omission of syllables/letters

1. "coarly" for "coarsely"

2. "psychitrist" for "psychiatrist"

3. "contempary" for "contemporary"

4. "obvous" for "obvious"

5. "peole" for "people"

6. "epuiment" for "equipment"

E Addition of syllables/letters

1. "occasionalally" for "occasionally"

2. "symiphony" for "symphony"

F. Combination of errors

1. "paricutaly" for "particularly"

2. "ovbise" for "obvious"

3. "relizse" for "realize"

4. "electrice" for "electric"