Citation Guide: Modern Language Association (MLA)

Reference Works

1. Citing an Entry in a Dictionary or an Encyclopedia (Including a Wiki)

Format:
Unless the entry is signed, begin your citation with the title of the entry in quotation marks, followed by a period. Give the title of the reference work (beginning with the first word other than A, An, or The), italicized, and the edition (if available) and year of publication. If there is no date of publication, include your date of access.

Example:

“Balls in Your Court, The.” The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms. 2nd ed., Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013.

Format:
Cite an online entry as you would a print entry, then give the URL.

Example:

“House Music,” Wikipedia, 16 Nov. 2015, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_music.


2. Citing a Map or Chart

Format:
Generally treat a map or chart as you would a book without authors, listing its title and publication information. For a map in an atlas or other volume, give the map title (in quotation marks), followed by the publication information for the atlas and page numbers for the map. If the creator of the map or chart is listed, use his or her name as you would an author’s name.

Example:

“Greenland.” Atlas of the World. 19th ed., Oxford UP, 2012, p.153.

Format:
For a map or chart found online, cite as you would a print source, then give the URL. 

Example:

“Map of Sudan.” Global Citizen, Citizens for Global Solutions, 2011, globalsolutions.org/blog/bashir#.VthzNMfi_/.


3. Citing a Government Publication

Format:
In most cases, cite the government agency as the author. If there is a named author, editor, or compiler, provide that name after the title.

Example:

Canada, Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Norther Development. 2015-16 Report on Plans and Priorities. Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2015.

United States, Department of Agriculture. Eligibility Manual for School Meals: Determining and Verifying Eligibility. National School Lunch Program. Food and Nutrition Service, July 2015, www.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/cn/SP40_CACFP18_SFSP20-2015a1.pdf/.


4. Citing a Brochure or Pamphlet

Format:
Format the entry as you would for a book.

Example:

The Legendary Sleepy Hollow Cemetary. Friends of Sleepy Hollow Cemetary, 2008.

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