Citation Guide: Modern Language Association (MLA)

Books, Anthologies and Collections

1. Book with One Author

Format:
List the author’s last name first, followed by a comma and the first name. Italicize the book title and subtitle, if any. List the publisher (abbreviating University Press as UP), then insert a comma and the publication year. End with a period.

Example:

Bowker, Gordon. James Joyce: A New Biography. Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 2012.

Format:
Cite an online book as you would a print book, providing the website and DOI (digital object indentifier, a unique number assigned to specific content). If a DOI is not available, provide a stable URL.

Example:

Piketty, Thomas. Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer, Harvard UP, 2014. Google Books, books.google.com/books?isbn=0674369556/.

Format:
Cite an e-Book as you would a print book, then provide the name of the e-reader.

Example:

Doerr, Anthony. All the Light We Cannot See. Scribner, 2014. Nook.


2. Book with Two Authors

Format:
List both authors in the same order as on the title page, last name first for only the first author listed. Use a comma to separate author’s names.

Example:

Stiglitz, Joseph E., and Bruce C. Greenwald. Creating a Learning Society: A New Approach to Growth, Development, and Social Progress. Columbia UP, 2015


3. Book with Three or More Authors

Format:
Provide the first author’s name (last name first), followed by a comma, and then the abbreviation “et al” (Latin for “and others”).

Example:

Cunningham, Stewart, et al. Media Economics. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.


4. Book with a Corporate or Group Author

Format:
Write out the full name of the corporation or group, and cite the name as you would an author. This name is often also the name of the publisher.

Example:

Human Rights Watch. World Report of 2015: Events of 2014. Seven Stories Press, 2015.


5. Book with an Unknown Author

Format:
When no author is listed on the title or copyright page, begin the entry with the title of the work. Alphabetize the entry by the first word of the title other than A, An, or The.

Example:

The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia. Macmillan, 2012.


6. Two or More Books by the Same Author

Format:
Use the author’s name in the first entry. Thereafter, use three hyphens followed by a period in place of the author’s name. List the entries alphabetically by title.

Example:

García, Cristina. Dreams of Significant Girls. Simon and Schuster, 2011.

---. The Lady Matador’s Hotel. Scribner, 2010.


7. Citing the Editor(s) of a Book

Format:
Use the descriptive label “editor” or “editors” after the editors’ names.

Example:

Horner, Avril, and Anne Rowe, editors. Living on Paper: Letters from Iris Murdoch. Princeton UP, 2016.


8. Citing an Author of a Book When There is an Editor or a Translator

Format:
Start with the author’s name, then give the title. Include the label “Edited by” or “Translated by” and the name of the editor or translator, first name first.

Example:

Ferrante, Elena. The Story of the Last Child. Translated by Ann Goldstein, Europa Editions, 2015.


9. Citing a Graphic Narrative or Illustrated Work

Format:
List the primary author/illustrator in the first position. If the author is also the illustrator, simply list him or her in the first position.

Example:

Gaiman, Neil. The Sandman: Overture. Illustrated by J.H. Williams III, DC Comics, 2015.

Kerascoet, illustrator. Beautiful Darkness. By Fabien Vehlmann, Drawn and Quarterly, 2014.

Smith, Lane. Abe Lincoln’s Dream. Roaring Book Press, 2012.


10. Citing an Edition Other Than the First Edition

Format:
Include the number of the edition and the abbreviation “ed” (meaning “edition”) after the title.

Example

Eagleton, Terry. Literary Theory: An Introduction. 3rd ed., U of Minnesota P, 2008.

Nadakavukaren, Anne. Our Global Environment: A Health Perspective. 7th ed., Waveland Press, 2011. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=NXkbAAAAQBAJ&dq/.


11. Citing a Republished Book

Format:
Indicate the original date of publication after the title. Include any information relevant to republication, such as a new introduction. For online books, give the website and URL.

Example

Trilling, Lionel. The Liberal Imagination. 1950. Introduction by Louis Menand, New York Review of Books, 2008.

Langer, Judith A., and Arthur N. Applebee. How Writing Shapes Thinking: A Study of Teaching and Learning. 1987. WAC Clearinghouse, 2011. WAC Clearinghouse, wac.colostate.edu/books/langer_applebee/.


12. Citing a Multivolume Work

Format:
End with the total number of volumes and the abbreviation “vols.”

Example

Stark, Freya. Letters. Edited by Lucy Moorehead, Compton Press, 1974-82. 8 vols.

Format:
If you have used only one of the volumes in your document, include the volume number after the title. List the total number of volumes after the publication information.

Example

Stark, Freya. Letters. Edited by Lucy Moorehead, vol. 5, Compton Press, 1974-82. 8 vols.


13. Citing a Work in an Edited Collection or Anthology

Format:
Give the author, then the title in quotation marks. Follow with the title of the collection in italics, the label “edited by” and the name(s) of the editor(s) (first name first), the publication information, and the inclusive page numbers for the selection of the chapter.

Example

Sayrafiezadeh, Saïd. “Paranoia.” New American Stories, edited by Ben Marcus, Vintage Books, 2015, pp. 3-29

Format:
If you are using multiple selections from the same anthology, include the anthology itself in your list of works cited and cross-reference it in the citations for individual works.

Example: 

Eisenberg, Deborah. “Some Other, Better Otto.” Marcus, pp. 94-136.

Marcus, Ben, editor. New American Stories. Vintage Books, 2015.

Sayrafiezadeh, Saïd. “Paranoia.” Marcus, pp. 3-29.


14. Citing a Foreword, Introduction, Preface, or Afterword

Format:
Begin with the author of the part your are citing and the name of that part. Add the title of the work; “by” or “edited by” and the work’s author or editor (first name first); and publication information. Then give the inclusive page numbers for the part.

Example

Dunham, Lena. Foreword. The Liar’s Club, by Mary Karr, Penguin Classics, 2015, pp. xi-xiii.

Format:
If the part has a title, include the title in quotation marks directly after the author.

Example: 

Sullivan, John Jeremiah. “The Ill-Defined Plot.” Introduction. The Best American Essays 2014, edited by Sullivan, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2014, pp. xvii-xxvi.


15. Citing a Sacred Text

Format:
Include the title of the version as it appears on the title page. If the title does not identify the version, place that information directly after the title.

Example: 

The Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha. Edited by Herbert G. may and Bruce M. Metzger, Revised Standard Version, Oxford UP, 1965.

 

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