Citation Guide: Modern Language Association (MLA)

MLA Works Cited Formatting

The list is alphabetized by author. If the author’s name is unknown, alphabetize the entry using the title of the source. If you cite more than one work by the same author, alphabetize the group under the author’s last name, with each entry listed alphabetically by title.

All entries in the list are double-spaced, with no extra space between entries. Entries are formatted with a hanging indent: the first line of an entry is flush with the left margin, and subsequent lines are indented one-half inch. Unless otherwise noted, use commas to separate items within each entry. Titles f longer works, such as books, journals, or websites, are italicized. Titles of short works, such as articles or chapters, are enclosed in quotation marks. MLA generally indicates the “container” of the source – the larger object, if any, in which the source can be found. Some sources may have multiple levels of containers, such as a periodical article that is accessed via a database. Occasionally, sources may be identified by a descriptive label (editorial, map, letter, photograph, and so on.

MLA Works Cited formatting rules call for the end documentation to begin on a new page at the end of your document and that it carry the next sequential number available. For instance, if your paper is 6½ pages long, the Works Cited should begin on page 8, not halfway down page 7.

Note: Unless otherwise informed, you can count on your instructor not counting the Works Cited page into the total count of an eight page assignment.

The page itself should be formatted in the following way:

Individual entries should be formatted in the following way:

Specific rules depend on whether or not an author's name is mentioned in the sentence where the citation occurs. 

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Introduction