Citation Guide: Chicago Manual of Style (Notes System)

Audio and Video Recordings

1. Musical Recordings

Note: The elements in the following format (particularly composer and director) may be rearranged to suit your particular purposes. See Chicago Manual of Style for more examples.

Notes Format:
Numeral. Composer-First Name first, Composition Title-in italics, (Editing Information when available)-in parenthesis, Orchestra Name, Conductor Name, Recording Company Medium Recording Number.

1. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Requiem Mass, K626 (Edited by Franz Beyer), Academy and Chorus of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Neville Mariner, London compact disk 417 746-2.

Bibliography Format:
Composer-Last Name first. Composition Title-in italics. (Editing Information when available-in parenthesis). Orchestra Name. Conductor Name. Recording Company-when available, Medium Recording Number.

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Requiem Mass, K626. (Edited by Franz Beyer). Academy and Chorus of St. Martin-in-the-Fields. Neville Mariner. London compact disk 417 746-2.


2. Dramatic Performance Recordings

Notes Format:
Numeral. Playwright-First Name first, Performance Title-in italics, directed by name, performed by performance artist names-First Names first, Recording Company Recording Number, Medium

2. William Shakespeare, Othello, directed by Howerd Sackler, performed by Frank Silvera, Celia Johnson, Cyril Cusack, Anna Massey, and others, Caedmon CDG 225, audiotape.

Bibliography Format:
Playwright-Last Name first, Recording Title-in italics, directed by name, performed by performance artist names-First Names first, Recording Company Recording Number, Medium

Shakespeare, William. Othello. Directed by Howerd Sackler. Performed by Frank Silvera, Celia Johnson, Cyril Cusack, Anna Massey, and others. Caedmon CDG 225. Audiotape.


3. Poetry and Prose Recordings

Notes Format:
Numeral. Poet or Prose Writer-First Name first, Recording Title-in italics, read by author or reader name-First Name first, Recording Company Recording Number, Medium

3. T.S. Eliot, Poems and Choruses, read by author, Caedmon TC1045, record album.

Bibliography Format:
Poet or Prose Writer-Last Name first, Recording Title-in italics, read by author or reader name-First Name first, Recording Company Recording Number, Medium

Eliot, T.S. Poems and Choruses. Read by author. Caedmon TC1045. Record album.


4. Lecture Recordings

Notes Format:
Numeral. Lecture Recorder-First Name first, Recording Title-in italics, Description of Lecture presented by lecturer name-First Name first at Institution Name, Location, Month Year of Lecture, Publication Information-if applicable.

49. L.M.N. Nesbitt, Censorship, audiotape of a lecture presented by Louann Reid at Colorado State University, Fort Collins Colorado, October 1995.

Bibliography Format:
Lecture Recorder-Last Name first. Recording Title-in italics. Description of Lecture presented by lecturer name-First Name first at Institution Name, Location, Month Year of Lecture, Publication Information-if applicable.

Nesbitt, L.M.N., Censorship. Audiotape of a lecture presented by Louann Reid at Colorado State University, Fort Collins Colorado, October 1995.


5. Slides

Note: The variety of visual and audiovisual materials now used by writers makes general formatting rules impossible. In theses cases a description of the material, the name of the individual responsible for the material, and the information necessary to retrieve it should be included.

Notes Format:
Numeral. Slide Show Producer-First Name first, Slide Show Title-in italics, (Place of Production: Production Company Name, Year of Production)-in parenthesis, Slides.

4. John Nesbitt, Europe by Train (Knoxville, TN: Fabricated Production Company, 1991, slides.

Bibliography Format:
Numeral. Slide Show Producer-Last Name first. Slide Show Title-in italics. Place of Production: Production Company Name, Year of Production-no parenthesis. Slides.

Nesbitt, John. Europe by Train. Knoxville, TN, Fabricated Production Company, 1991. Slides.


6. Films

Note: The variety of visual and audiovisual materials now used by writers makes general formatting rules impossible. In theses cases a description of the material, the name of the individual responsible for the material, and the information necessary to retrieve it should be included.

Notes Format:
Numeral. Film Title-in italics, media format, film length, Production Company, Place of Production: Production Company Name, Year of Production.

5. The Feast, 16 mm, 29 min., U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Springfield, VA, 1970.

Bibliography Format:
Film Title-in italics. Media format, film length. Production Company, Place of Production: Production Company Name, Year of Production.

The Feast. 16 mm, 29 min. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Springfield, VA, 1970.


7. Videocassettes

Note: The variety of visual and audiovisual materials now used by writers makes general formatting rules impossible. In theses cases a description of the material, the name of the individual responsible for the material, and the information necessary to retrieve it should be included.

Notes Format:
Numeral. Videocassette Title-in italics, Producer and or Director-First Name first, videocassette length, Production Company Name, Year of Production, videocassette.

6. Sam Shepherd: Fool for Love, dir. Robert Altman, 108 min., MGM, 1985, videocassette.

Bibliography Format:
Videocassette Producer-Last Name first. Videocassette Title-in italics. Directed by Director-First Name first. Videocassette length. Production Company Name, Year of Production. Videocassette.

Shepherd, Sam. Sam Shepherd: Fool for Love. Dir. by Robert Altman. 108 min. MGM, 1985. Videocassette.

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