Citation Guide: Chicago Manual of Style (Notes System)
CMS In-Text Numbering Rules
CMS In-Text Numbering Rules are as follows:
- In-text superscripted numbers appear after the punctuation and quotation marks at the end of a cited clause or sentence. There is no space between the punctuation and the numeral.
- Source material located in the first part of a sentence separated by an em dash (two hyphens) is cited with the number placed before the dash begins.
- Beginning with 1, each number follows in sequential order from page to page regardless of whether they are footnotes or endnotes.
- Superscripted numbers can be created in Microsoft® Word.
Superscripting Numbers with Microsoft® Word
- Select Font on the tool bar Format drop-down menu and open the Font tab.
- Select the same font, size and style used in the rest of your document.
- Select automatic (for black) or another color choice from the Font color menu.
- Check the Superscript option in the Effects section.
- Click OK, return to your document and insert your superscript number.
- Once inserted, you must return to the Font dialogue box and uncheck the Superscript selection before entering any more text.