Citation Guide: Chicago Manual of Style (Author/Date System)

Journals, Magazines and Newspapers

1. Journal Article with Consecutive Pagination

Note: Consecutive Pagination means that each new issue of a Journal begins with the page number that follows the last page number in the previous issue. In other words, the page numbers run consecutively from issue to issue.

References List Format:
Give the author (last name first) followed by the year of publication then the article title. Include the name of the journal (in italics) followed by the volume number, the issue number (if available) and end with the page number(s).

Brown, Sterling. 1934. Arcadia, South Carolina. Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life 12:59-60.


2. Journal Article with Non-Consecutive Pagination

Note: Non-Consecutive Pagination means that each new issue of a Journal begins with page 1 and not with the number that follows the last page number in the previous issue, as is the case with consecutive pagination.

References List Format:
Begin with the author (last name first) followed by the year of publication, the article title and the name of the journal (in italics).  Include the volume number, the issue number and end with the article page number(s). 

Clifford, James. 1983. On Ethnographic Authority. Representations 1, no. 2:118-46.


3. Article in a Weekly Magazine 

References List Format:
Cite like a monthly magazine (see next format), but provide the day of publication.

Makary, Marty. “the cost of Chasing Cancer.” Time, March 10, 2014, 24.


4. Article in a Monthly or Seasonal Magazine 

References List Format:
Magazines are cited by their dates rather than by volume and issue.

Huber, Peter. “Better Medicine.” Reason, March 2014, 22-30.


5. Magazine Article with Volume and Issue Numbers

Note: When no author by-line exists, begin with the Article Title and proceed as shown above. This case also illustrates a magazine with a volume number but not an issue number.

References List Format:
Begin with the author (last name first) followed by the year of publication, the article title, the magazine title (in italics), the volume number and or issue. End with the page number(s) when citing specific portions or quoted passages.

A passing race. 1929. Canadian Magazine, 71:34.


6. Article in a Newspaper 

Note: In most cases, newspaper articles are cited in running text and are not included in the References List; however, when you do, follow the example below. When no author by-line exists, begin with the Article Title rather than the author's name.

References List Format:
If the name of the newspaper does not include the city, insert the city before the name (and italicize it). If an American city is not well known, name the state as well (in parentheses, abbreviated). Identify newspapers from other countries with the city in parentheses (not italicized) after the name of the newspaper. Page number may be omitted, since separate editions of the same newspaper may place articles differently. If a paper comes out in more than one edition, identify the edition after the date.

Zito, Kelly. “Cities Key Source of Toxins in Bay, Study Finds.” San Francisco Chronicle, October 5, 2010, Bay Area Edition.

Note: When not part of the newspaper title, include name of American city, in italics, along with the rest of the title, as shown here:

Denver Rocky Mountain News

Note: When city name is not well known, or there is more than one city in America with the same name, include the state abbreviation, in parenthesis and not italicized, as shown here:

Ashtabula, (OH) Star-Beacon

Note: Follow the title of foreign newspapers with its hometown name, in parenthesis and not italicized, as shown here:

Sunday Times (London)


7. Book, Stage/Theater, Movie, Concert/Music Review (Magazine or Newspaper)

References List Format:
Give the author of the review title, if any, and then the words “review of” followed by the title and the author of the work reviewed and the author or editor (for books) or director or performer (for movies, plays, and similar productions).

Holden, Stephen. “Students Caught in the School Squeeze.” Review of Waiting for Superman, directed by Davis Guggenheim. New York Times, September 23, 2010.


8. Citing an Unsigned Article in a Newspaper or Magazine

References List Format:
If not author is given, begin the note with the title of the article; begin the bibliography entry with the title of the periodical.

Boston Globe. “NYC May Ban Smoking in Parks, on Beaches.” Boston Globe September 16, 2010.


9. Citing a Letter to the Editor

References List Format:
Treat as a newspaper article. If not title is provided, place “Letter to the editor” in the title position.

Levi, Jason. Letter to the editor. Smithsonian, June 2016.


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