Citation Guide: Chicago Manual of Style (Author/Date System)

Book and Book Parts

1. Book with Unknown Author(s)

References List Format:
When no author is listed on the title or copyright page, begin the entry with the title of the work. In the bibliography, alphabetize the entry by the first word other than A, An, or The.

Example:

Letting Ana Go. New York: Simon Pulse, 2013.


2. Book with Group or Corporate Author

References List Format:
Use the corporation or group as the author; it may also be the publisher.

Example:

International Monetary fund. Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 2010.


3. Book with One Author

References List Format:
When citing a book, use the information from the title page and the copyright page (on the reverse side of the title page), not from the book’s cover or a library catalog.

Example:

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. The Bully Pulpit: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and the Golden Age of Journalism. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2013.


4. Book with Two Authors

Note: Names must always appear in the same order as found on the Title page of the work being cited.

References List Format:
List the authors in the order in which they appear on the title page. In a note, list the first name for each author first. In the bibliography, list the first author’s last name first and list the first names for each other author first.

Example:

Jerin, Robert A., and Laura J. Moriarity. The Victims of Crime. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2010.


5. Book with Three Authors

Note: Names must always appear in the same order, separated by commas, as found on the Title page of the work being cited.

References List Format:
First Author-Last Name first. Next Author(s)-First Names or initials first. Year of Publication. Book Title-in italics. Number ed.-when applicable. Place of Publication: Name of Publisher.

Example:

Alred, Gerald J., Charles T. Brusaw, and Walter E. Oliu. 2003. The Business Writer's Handbook. 7th ed. Boston and New York: Bedford/St. Martin's.


6. Book with Four or More Authors

Note: Names must always appear in the same order as found on the Title page of the work being cited. Use the last name first rule for the first author and the first name first rule for all other authors. Separate names with commas.

References List Format:
First Author-Last Name first. Next Author(s)- Initials or First Names first. Year of Publication. Book Title-in italics. Place of Publication: Name of Publisher.

Example:

Markopolos, Harry, Frank Casey, Neil Chelo, Gaytri Kachroo, and Michael Ocrant. No One Would Listen: A True Financial Thriller. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2010.


7. Book with Author & Editor(s) or Translator(s)

References List Format (Editor):
List the author at the beginning of the citation and add the editor’s name after the title. In notes, use the abbreviation “ed.” before the editor’s name. In the bibliography, include the phrase “Edited by” before the editor’s name.

Example:

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Edited by Ira Dworkin. New York: Penguin Books, 2014.

References List Format (Translator):
List the author first and the translator after the title. Use the abbreviation “trans.” in a note, but spell out “Translated by” in the bibliography.

Example:

Ali, Nujood, and Delphine Minoui. I Am Nujood, Age 10 and Divorced. Translated by Linda Coverdale. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2010.


8. Edited Anthology or Collection

References List Format:
To cite an entire anthology or collection of articles, give the editor(s) before the title of the collection, adding a comma and the abbreviation “ed.” or “eds.”

Example:

Krausz, Michael, ed. Relativism: A Contemporary Anthology. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010.


9. Chapter in a Book or Selection in an Anthology

References List Format:
Give the author and title (in quotation marks) for the chapter or selection. Then give the title, editor (if any), and publication data for the book or anthology. In the bibliography, give the inclusive page numbers before the publication data.

Example:

Dalrymple, William. “The Monk’s Tale.” In Nine Lives: In Search of the Sacred in Modern India (New York: Knopf, 2010). 

10. Chapter in an Unedited Book

References List Format:
Author-Last Name first. Year of Publication. Chapter Title-No quotation marks-No italics. Chap. Number-if applicable. In Book Title-in italics. Place of Publication: Name of Publisher.

Example:

Williams, Susan Millar. 1997. Cross Purposes. Chap. 6 in A devil and a good woman, too: The lives of Julia Peterkin. Athens and London: Univ. of Georgia Press,


11. Book Editions (Second, Third, etc.)

References List Format:
Give edition information after the title.

Example:

Brinkley, Alan. The Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People. 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010.


12. Reprinted (Republished) Books

References List Format:
Place the original publication date before the publication information for the reprint.

Example:

James, King of England. The Political Works of James I. Edited by Charles Howard McIlwain. 1918. Reprint, Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 2010.


13. Sacred Texts

Note: Citations of sacred texts such as the Christian Bible, Islam's Holy Qur'an and the Hebrew Torah generally occur only in the in-text citation and are not included in the References List. Please refer to the CMS Notes Examples of In-Text Formatting Rules for more information.


14. Untitled Volume in a Multivolume Work

References List Format:
In the notes, give the volume number and page number, separated by a colon, for the specific location of the information referred to in your text. In the bibliography, if you have used all of the volumes, give the total number of volumes after the title, using the abbreviation “vols.” (“2 vols.” or “4 vols.”). If you have used one volume, give the abbreviation “Vol.” and the volume number after the title.

Example:

Hanqi, Fang, ed. A History of Journalism in China. Vol 7. Singapore: Silkroad Press, 2013.


15. Titled Volume in a Multivolume Work

References List Format:
Give the title of the volume to which you refer, followed by the volume number and the general title for the entire work.

Example:

Atkinson, Rick. The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945. Vol 3 of The Liberation Trilogy. New York: Henry Holt, 2013.


16. Book in a Series

References List Format:
The series name follows the title and is capitalized as a title but is not italicized. If the series numbers its volumes, include that information as well.

Example:

Holt, Michael F. Franklin Pierce. American Presidents Series 14. New York: Times Books/Henry Holt, 2010.


17. Book Without Publication Information

References List Format:
Author-Last Name first, Book Title – in italics. N.p., n.d

Example:

Biv, Roy G. On learning the color spectrum. N.p., n.d.


18. Book Introduction, Preface, Foreword or Afterword

References List Format:
Give the name of the writer of the foreword, introduction, preface, or afterword followed by the appropriate phrase (“introduction to,” “preface to,” and so on) before the title of the book. If the writer of the introduction or other part differs from the writer of the book, after the title insert the word “by” and the author’s name.

Example:

Stannard, Martin. Preface to Muriel Spark: The Biography, xv-xxvi. New York: Norton, 2010.

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