Being Concise

When you cut and paste parts of your paper into your draft abstract, you may find that you initially include words and phrases that clarify the meaning in the paper but that simply add extra words in the abstract. Read your drafts carefully to cut unnecessary words. Note that the italicized words in the example can be cut without any loss of meaning in the abstract.

Palmquist, M. (1995). "Students in Networked Classrooms." Computers and Composition, 10(4), 25-57.

"Students in networked classrooms" examines the question of whether students in a computer classroom are more likely to engage in peer review than students in traditional classrooms. To test this question, two classes in each environment were studied. An observer participated in all four classes for the duration of a semester, noting the nature of the interaction between students. Further, the observer interviewed both students and teachers about the nature of peer interaction and review. Based on this sample, the study finds that students in computer classrooms are more likely, by a ratio of 2:1, to engage in peer review. As a result of this finding, the paper concludes that, for this one variable, computer classrooms are a more effective environment in which to teach writing.

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