When Seemingly Unrelated Sub-Points...
When seemingly unrelated sub-points need to be made and proven in order to prove the main point, the author must show how the particular premises of each, along with its supporting evidence, connect, collectively and logically, to support the main position.
An argument supporting a ban on logging in rain forests might first need to establish and provide evidence regarding five other environmental premises, each supporting the author's position, regarding the effects of logging. For instance:
- It causes soil erosion
- It affects global warming
- It destroys native species
- It alters water routes and levels
- It destroys indigenous lifestyles
Each premise is a debatable issue in and of itself. Therefore, some measure of the supportive evidence behind each-at least enough to connect them as reasonably evidentiary links-must be given before they can be used to collectively support the author's main position. In these cases, arguments are typically arranged as follows:
- Introduction establishing the context of the argument as well as the author's position.
- Brief Preview outlining each premise, or reason, to be used as evidence supporting the claim.
- Body of Evidence presented, depending on audience analysis, in an order which will make the most sense to the audience.
- Conclusion summarizing the argument and demonstrating how each premise leads logically to the author's position, presents a call to action, or suggests further research.
Note: This arrangement is ideal for content sub-headings where each heading describes the premise/reason to be discussed.