Appendix 33: MLA Documention Tips

In-text (Parenthetical) Documentation

See pp. 552-6 and 557-9 of PHG for tips on using sources and examples of forms.

See pp. 575-89 for a sample paper using in-text documentation.

Quotes, facts, and statistics from sources must be cited.

Paraphrases and summaries of information from sources must be associated with that source by mention of the author's name.

Sources need to be introduced and integrated into your text, not just cited. In other words, avoid "floating quotes."

Vary your introductions to sources. (Don't introduce them the same way every time.)

In general, in-text documentation includes the author's last name and the page number on which the information was found, e.g. (Smith 10). (Notice that no comma or "p." for "page number" is needed.) That is the general rule; look up exceptions!

Quotation marks come before the parentheses. The sentence punctuation comes after the parentheses.

Plagiarism Policy: Remember that all of your uses of sources must be properly cited (according to MLA format) in order to avoid plagiarism. The plagiarism policy in the course policy sheet reads as follows: "Plagiarism is generally defined as the intentional or unintentional submission of all or part of another's work as your own. You are expected to know and understand what plagiarism is and that it will not be tolerated in this class. If you are found guilty of academic dishonesty, you will fail the essay and lose your revision option, possibly fail the course, and, depending on the severity and intent, may be expelled from the university.

Works Cited Documentation

See pp. 560-6 in PHG for sample citations.

See pp. 588-9 for sample works cited page.

The works cited page is a separate page at the end of your paper that lists the sources you cited in your paper.

Center and type the words "Works Cited" (without the quotation marks) at the top of your page (one inch from the top of the page).

Alphabetize the citations (by the author's last name or by the first recognizable word of the title in the case of anonymous sources).

Double space the works cited page.

If you have more than one source by the same author, substitute three hyphens and a period (---.) for the author's name in the second and subsequent citations.

Field sources (like interviews and surveys) go in the works cited page, too. See p. 566 of PHG for forms.