• Focus on the question to which you are responding.
  • Explain the authors' positions and your own using specific examples from the articles, your experience and observations, and possibly, other texts.
  • Organize the paper so that you can report the various viewpoints and compare and contrast them. Introduce the common issue/question, connect ideas, and clearly identify whose ideas are referred to.
  • Write in a clear, readable style in language and tone appropriate to your subject and audience.