What we'll do today in class:
- Return Position analysis
- Based on feedback, write a revised description of context and audience
- Work on an introduction that places their claim into the context
- Works Cited and MLA Documentation
Connection to course goals: The first activities emphasize the importance of narrowing and clearly defining a context and an audience in order to be able to articulate an effective argument. Beginning work on the introduction shows students that they need to address their choice of purpose and audience in their essay. Documentation is also an expectation of the context, and we'll discuss why an academic audience requires citations.
- Hand-back position analyses
- Have them read over their position analyses and consider your feedback
- Have them write a final description of their context and audience which takes into account everything we've done till now and the feedback on their position analysis (This will be the information that makes up the COVER PAGE of their essay). After today, that context and audience should be set in stone.
- Write/start an introduction that effectively addresses your context and sets-up your purpose and focus.
- Offer students the option to either actually start writing this intro, or just list the parts of the intro they'll need. They might use their "zero draft" as a starting point.
- Discuss documentation. It helps to discuss the reasons for documenting sources before showing them how to do it. This will show them this is more than just busy-work.
- Reasons for Documenting your sources:
- Give credit where credit is due
- Build your own credibility by showing knowledge of issue, accuracy, etc.
- So someone can find your sources if they need/want to
- Citing indicates the values of a discipline. For example, MLA is used by English departments and uses only the author's name. APA is used by Psychology and includes the date of the source. Why the difference? (The timeliness of a source is important in psychology, while not that important in English. The Author is important for both)
Practice MLA documentation. Design an activity that requires students to find and practice both in-text citing and creating a works cited page. Make sure to focus mainly on the type of sources you expect they'll have the most (periodicals, journals, internet, books). Also, be sure to emphasize attention to detail. The whole premise behind documentation is so everyone in a field follows the same guidelines.
Emphasize that they should keep track of the information they'll need for citing sources as they find them. This will help when they have to do the eventual citations and works cited page.
PHG, "Appeals for Written Argument", pp. 438-442