When we think of English skills, the 'four skills' of listening, speaking,
reading, and writing readily come to mind. Of course other skills such as
pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, and spelling all play a role in effective
English communication. The amount of attention you give to each skill area will
depend both the level of your learners as well as their situational needs.
Generally beginners, especially those who are nonliterate, benefit most from
listening and speaking instruction with relatively little work on reading and
writing. As fluency increases, the amount of reading and writing in your lessons
may also increase. With advanced learners, up to half of your lesson time can be
spent on written skills, although your learners may wish to keep their focus
weighted toward oral communication if that is a greater need.