Overview

ESL Learners

Cultural Bridges

Teaching ESL

English skills

Lesson Planning

Activities

Lesson Materials

Further Resources

Bibliography


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Authors & Contributors

Bibliography

Balliro, Lenore. "Multilevel Classes: Some Practical Suggestions." Connections: A Journal of Adult Literacy. Summer 1997. Adult Literacy Resource Institute. 15 Apr. 2004 <http://hub1.worlded.org/docs/connections/Balliro2.pdf>

Bello, Tom. "Improving ESL Learners' Writing Skills." June 1997. National Center for ESL Literacy Education. 21 Apr. 2004. <http://www.cal.org/ncle/digests/Writing.htm>

Brown, H. Douglas. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents, 1994.

Burt, Miriam and Fran Keenan. "Trends in Staff Development for Adult ESL Instructors." June 1998. National Center for ESL Literacy Education. 14 Apr. 2004. <http://www.cal.org/ncle/digests/TrendQA.htm>

Cunningham Florez, MaryAnn. "Improving Adult English Language Learners' Speaking Skills." June 1999. National Center for ESL Literacy Education. 20 Apr. 2004. <http://www.cal.org/ncle/digests/Speak.htm>

Cunningham Florez, MaryAnn. "Improving Adult ESL Learners' Pronunciation Skills." December 1998. National Center for ESL Literacy Education. 22 Apr. 2004. <http://www.cal.org/ncle/digests/Pronun.htm>

Finn Miller, Susan. "Pronunciation and the Adult ESL Learner." Fieldnotes for ABLE Staff. 2004. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 22 Apr. 2004. <http://www.able.state.pa.us/able/lib/able/fieldnotes04/fn04eslpronunciation.pdf>

Harmer, Jeremy. How to Teach English. England: Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., 1998.

Imel, Susan. "Teaching Adults: Is it Different? Myths and Realities." 1995. Literacy Volunteers of America. 14 Apr. 2004. <http://lvanys.org/pro-tc-res-teachadults.html>

Lanier, Sarah A. Foreign to Familiar. Haggerstown, MD: McDougal Publishing, 2000.

Leininger, Gayle and Kendale Moore. Literacy Missions Conversational English Workshop Manual. Alpharetta, GA: North American Mission Board, 1997.

Mason, Tom. The Online Conversation Leader Handbook. 1999. 14 Apr. 2004. <http://www.afn.org/~afn49566/>

McGroarty, Mary. "Cross-cultural Issues in Adult ESL Literacy Classrooms." July 1993. National Center for ESL Literacy Education. 17 Apr. 2004. <http://www.cal.org/ncle/digests/CROSS_CULTURAL.HTML>

Shank, Cathy C. and Lynda R. Terrill. "Teaching Multilevel Adult ESL Classes." May 1995. National Center for ESL Literacy Education. 14 Apr. 2004. <http://www.cal.org/ncle/digests/SHANK.HTM>

VanDuzer, Carol. "Improving ESL Learners' Listening Skills: At the Workplace and Beyond." February 1997. National Center for ESL Literacy Education. 19 Apr. 2004. <http://www.cal.org/ncle/digests/LISTENQA.HTM>

VanDuzer, Carol. "Reading and the Adult English Language Learner." August 1999. National Center for ESL Literacy Education. 21 Apr. 2004. <http://www.cal.org/ncle/digests/Read.htm>

Virginia Adult Learning Resource Center. Adult Education and Literacy Instructor Starter Kit. Richmond, VA: Virginia Commonwealth University, 2001. 17 Apr. 2004 <http://www.aelweb.vcu.edu/pdfs/Instkit.pdf>

Virginia Adult Learning Resource Center. ESOL Starter Kit. Richmond, VA: Virginia Commonwealth University, October 2002. 13 Apr. 2004 <http://www.aelweb.vcu.edu/publications/ESLKit/ESLKit_2002.pdf>

Virginia Migrant Education Program. Help! They Don't Speak English Starter Kit for Teachers of Young Adults. June 1993. ESCORT at the State University of New York at Oneonta. 17 Mar. 2004. <http://www.escort.org/products/yahelpkit.html>

Waters, Judy. "Putting the Pieces Together in a Multilevel Class." Connections: A Journal of Adult Literacy. Summer 1997. Adult Literacy Resource Institute. 15 Apr. 2004 <http://hub1.worlded.org/docs/connections/Waters3.pdf>

Woodward, Tessa. Planning Lessons and Courses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.