and Summarize Bailey’s essay on global warming
third type of response - analyzing the effectiveness of a text
discussing how to write an analytic response to Bailey’s argument
Connection to Course Goals
As with the agree/disagree and interpretive
responses, we want students to think critically about written texts and provide
thoughtful responses. We want them to move past gut reactions to provide well
supported ideas. Introducing three types of response also helps us meet the
goal of presenting writers with choices based on purpose and audience. We want
students to see that there is no single “correct” way to respond to a text, but
that certain types of texts lend themselves to different kinds of responses.
we’re going to shift from writing an interpretive response to writing an
analytic response. We’ll review the characteristics of an analytic response and
begin to apply these to Bailey’s text on global warming. This is the last type
of response we’ll discuss before drafting essay one.”
the main points of Bailey’s argument (15 minutes): The goal here is to see that students have critically read and
understood Bailey’s essay. Explain to students that you will only be discussing
Bailey’s article and not the article from NASA. The NASA report was only
intended to prepare students for Bailey’s argument. When reviewing main ideas,
you may want to list points on the board as a reference for later (when you
teach analytic response).
What is Bailey’s purpose for writing
this? (to undermine the IPCC’s estimations concerning global warming -
specifically, to suggest that we shouldn’t worry about changes in climate
because there are some scientific uncertainties - also, to oppose measures
taken to prevent greenhouse emissions such as the Kyoto Protocol)
Who is Bailey’s audience? (Readers of
the National Review “America’s Premier Conservative Website”) This clip is
from the National Review Website Subscription Page. Feel free to use it to
elaborate on Bailey’s readers:
You’ll find that National Review is your best
alternative to the slanted “news” served up daily by the liberal media. If you
want to be “spun,” stick with Time, CNN, The New York Times, Dan,
Peter, Tom, Bryant, and Al (Hunt, of course!). But if you want your news with no
liberal bias, then get National Review. We’re experts at tipping
over the Left’s sacred cows (what else would you expect of a magazine founded
by William F. Buckley Jr.?). And you’ll find that National Review is
written for people who have common sense. Who want to know what’s really
happening, and why. Who don’t want major issues glossed over. Who like their
news laced with wit. Who are offended by patronizing, dumbed-down journalism. National
Review has only intelligent readers, and we respect their intelligence.
·What main points does Bailey raise for his
audience? Here are some points you’ll
want to cover:
temperature and sea-level predictions estimated by the IPCC are unreliable
because they’re based on speculations and computer models.
computer findings contradict reliable satellite data from the past 22 years.
computer models “don’t agree with reality” (that is, there is inconsistency
between the IPCC’s predictions for atmospheric temperature increases and what
is actually happening which leads to uncertainties).
to Roger Pielke, there are other factors (besides greenhouse gas) that could
account for changes in surface temperature.
Kyoto Protocol is ineffective because it fails to consider technological
IPCC’s findings are not a scientific consensus but a “selective advocacy
document” intended to motivate politicians to reduce greenhouse emissions.
climate will only increase about 1 degree Celsius in the next 100 years.
Model Transition to Next
Activity: Now that we’ve summarized Bailey’s
argument and the situation he’s writing for, let’s consider how we might
respond to this for essay one.
the third type of response - analyzing the effectiveness of a text (10
minutes): Begin by telling
students that they could write an agree/disagree response or an interpretive
response for this essay to turn in with portfolio one. However, for your
immediate purposes, you’re going to focus on writing an analytic response.
Review the following definition. Put this on
an overhead or refer students to the responding section in the PHG.
The goal of an analytical
response is to determine a text's effectiveness by examining its parts. You
might look at the purpose, the intended audience, the thesis, the main ideas,
organization, evidence, language, and style. Your objective for writing an
analytic response is to point out a text’s strong points and/or where it falls
short. Analyzing the text's effectiveness allows you to make more informed
decisions about the usefulness and credibility of a writer's argument.
Transition to Next Activity: Write
a transition linking these two activities (for assistance, look at the section
on writing transitions from the guide on “Planning a Class” located in your
discussing how to write an analytic response to Bailey’s argument (20 minutes):
Review each of the elements or
criteria for analytic evaluation. Encourage students to refer to the text when
responding to the following questions. Try to push them beyond giving surface
responses (remind them that in their essays they’ll need to develop answers
with reasons and evidence rather than generalizations). Use the following
questions as a guide to review the elements for evaluating a writer’s text
analytically (feel free to add to these):
Bailey effectively accomplish his purpose in this text? Why or why not?
argument meet the needs and interests of his intended readers? Who are they?
What are their values? What are their beliefs? Would they oppose or support the
Kyoto Treaty? Why or Why not? (Probably not, since Kyoto creates new
environmental standards and increased finances for big conservative
you say about the organization of Bailey’s argument? Was it easy to follow? Did
it progress in a logical order?
about the evidence he uses to support his argument? (Since this is the most
questionable part of Bailey’s argument, you may want focus students’ attention
he support his main points? Who are his sources? Are they reliable? Does he
support all of his claims? What kind of evidence does he use? Which claims
doesn’t he support?
** Explain that analytical responses can
serve to: praise a writer for the effectiveness of their text; point out the
problems or shortcomings in a writer’s argument; praise some parts of a
writer’s argument and challenge others.
Time Permits: Have students begin
the assignment for next class.
5.Conclusion: Write a conclusion for today’s lesson. For
assistance, look at the section on writing introductions and conclusions from
the guide on Planning a Class located in the Teaching Guides on
You can also find a copy of the Guide in your appendix.
Write a two page analytic response for Bailey’s argument
focusing on one or two of the criteria we reviewed in class. Once you’ve
decided which criteria you’ll look at (i.e. use of tone and use of evidence)
construct an overall claim to map out your response. Begin your response with
that claim and develop reasons and evidence to support it. Post your summary and
response as a message to the SyllaBase Class Discussion Forum. Bring a hard
copy of your draft to class.